What you need to know about the ‘public charge’ rule
UPDATE April 10, 2020: The COVID-19 crisis has raised many new questions about “public charge.” Our new FAQ answers them, in English and Spanish.
Know that U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) has clearly said that testing and treatment for COVID-19 will NOT be considered a negative factor. USCIS also said immigrants who lose their jobs or have their hours reduced, and need to rely on public benefits to get through the crisis, may submit a statement explaining the situation, and “USCIS will take all such evidence into consideration in the totality of the alien’s circumstances.”
Note also that unemployment insurance is EXEMPT from the public charge test. Benefits received by family members – for example, if you get SNAP (“food stamps”) for your children – are also EXEMPT (see our detailed list, p.2). That said, remember the public charge test looks at the “totality of circumstances”; benefits are only one piece of the analysis.
Finally, remember that if you already have your green card, the public charge test DOES NOT apply to you!
You can find future updates here and on the Protecting Immigrant Families website. If you are an immigrant, use this quick screening tool to see whether the rule applies to you; most will NOT be affected. We have also compiled a resource library for immigrants, service providers and advocates.
Emma Lazarus’ poem at the foot of the Statue of Liberty invites the world to “give me your tired, your poor, your huddled masses yearning to breathe free.” For centuries, people have come with little or nothing, and built new lives and new fortunes here. It’s the American Dream.
But a new policy aims to screen out working-class immigrants by subjecting anyone who earns less than 250% of the federal poverty line ($65,500 for a family of 4 in 2020) to close scrutiny, and effectively excluding anyone below 125% of the FPL ($32,750 for a family of 4).
Immigrants applying for a green card or visa could be deemed to be a “public charge” – someone who depends on the government – and be turned away if they earn below 250% of the FPL and use any of a wide range of public programs for working families, or are deemed to be likely to use them in the future due to their income, age, health status, credit score and other factors.
More than a quarter of non-citizens in Massachusetts have incomes below 125% of the FPL, and an analysis by the Migration Policy Institute found 69% of recent green card recipients met at least one of the negatively weighted criteria. Only time will show just how strictly the new rule is applied, but even in optimistic scenarios, we expect the impact on legal immigration, especially family-based petitions, to be devastating.