Integration Institute: Becoming a Citizen
What are the steps to becoming a citizen?*
1. Send an Application for Naturalization (N-400) to the U.S. Customs and Immigration Services (USCIS).
2. Fingerprints (Appointment will be scheduled 1-2 months after application is filed)
3. Interview & Citizenship Test (will be scheduled 2-4 months after application is filed)
4. Approval of Application (will receive notification 2-4 months after application is filed)
5. Oath Ceremony (1-2 months after the date you passed interview & citizenship test)
6. Register to Vote! (you can now apply for a U.S. passport and register to vote)
Details of Process
USCIS will send you an appointment stating the time, date and location where you will take your fingerprints.
3. INTERVIEW & CITIZENSHIP TEST
The examiner will ask you questions about your N-400 application and test your English language skills and knowledge of U.S. history and government. We recommend that you take a Citizenship class and/or English class throughout your citizenship application process!
If you qualify for a language waiver, you must bring your own translator.
You may bring an attorney to your interview
You can ask the examiner to:
- Repeat any question you did not understand
- Speak with a supervisor if you think an examiner has been unfair
- State his/her name and title
If you did not pass the English or U.S. history and government section, you will be given a second exam in 90 days.
5. OATH CEREMONY
In this ceremony you will:
- Promise to be loyal to the United States
- Receive your naturalization certificate
- Make sure your naturalization certificate does not have any mistakes
If you are sick or disabled, you may be able to take the oath in your house or hospital.
*This material was adapted from the National Partnership for New Americans "Creating New Americans: Citizenship Toolkit"
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